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區域經濟差異、稅負對國民收入分配的作用效應研究——新型城鎮化的研究視角

論文編號:lw201903191018214529 所屬欄目:區域經濟論文 發布日期:2019年03月19日 論文作者:論文網
摘 要
隨著改革開放的不斷深入,我國經濟取得了舉世曙目的成果,無論是歷年的經濟發展速度還是國內生產總值都在世界各國中遙遙領先,但同時我國居民收入分配的公平性也被國內外學者所質疑,2012年《福布斯》雜志發布的“全球稅收痛苦指數”顯示中國居民稅收痛苦指數位列全球第二,中國居民的總體稅收負擔缺乏合理性和公平性,這引起了國內外各界的高度重視。
本文在新型城鎮化的視角下,從我國區域經濟發展不平衡、居民總體稅收負擔過重以及居民收入分配公平性較差的實際出發,以區域經濟差異、稅負對居民收入分配差距的作用效應為研究主要,通過定性的理論探討和定量的實證分析分別研究區域經濟差異對我國城鎮居民收入分配的作用效應、稅收對居民收入分配差距的作用效應。本文首先介紹了國內外在居民收入分配差異方面的研究現狀,其次定性分析我國整體經濟發展基本情況以及不同區域經濟發展存在差異,然后運用描述性統計分析方法分析了我國現階段居民稅收負擔情況以及居民收入分配差距情況等內容,再次運用多種定量方法相結合的方式實證檢驗了區域經濟差異、稅負對我國居民收入分配的作用效應,最后針對定性分析和定量檢驗的結果提出了控制我國居民收入分配差距拉大的政策建議。
通過全文的研究發現,2000年以來我國不同區域間稅負失衡的負效應不斷惡化,稅收與區域經濟差異對居民收入分配有著深刻的影響,我國稅收制度在調控居民收入差距方面沒有發揮出應有的功效,經濟快速發展的同時也帶來了居民收入分配差距不斷拉大的現象,域經濟差異導致不同區域居民收入分配差距拉大。當務之急,國家需要從改革我國目前的稅制結構、完善個人所得稅制、開征房產稅、遺產稅等具有收入分配調節功能的稅種、不斷完善外部環境要素和配套措施、促進區域經濟協調發展等多方面出發,著手控制我國居民收入分配差距不斷拉大的現象,防止貧富差距的進一步惡化。
關鍵詞:區域經濟差異,個人所得稅,收入分配差距,基尼系數
ABSTRACT
With the deepening of the reform and opening up, China's economy has made the world start to results, both in the economic development speed of calendar year and gross domestic product (GDP) are far ahead in the world, but at the same time our country residents income distribution fairness also questioned by the scholars both at home and abroad, Forbes magazine in 2012 published "global tax misery index" shows that Chinese residents tax misery index ranked second, overall tax burden of Chinese residents lack of rationality and fairness, which has attracted attention from all walks of life both at home and abroad.
Under the perspective of new urbanization, this article from the unbalanced regional economic development in China, the residents' overall tax burden and the reality of poor residents income distribution fairness, with the regional economic differences and the effects of tax burden on residents income distribution gap for research, through qualitative and quantitative theory discuss the empirical analysis, we research the regional economic differences on Chinese urban residents income distribution effect, the effects of taxation on residents income distribution gap. This paper first introduces the domestic and international research status on residents income distribution difference, secondly the qualitative analysis of the overall economic development of our country basic situation as well as the differences between different regional economic development, and then USES descriptive statistics analysis method to analyze the our country present stage of tax burden and resident income distribution gap between Chinese residents in the content such as, again, using a variety of quantitative method is a combination of empirical test the difference of regional economy, tax to our country residents income distribution effect, finally based on the results of qualitative analysis and quantitative test control residents income distribution gap widening in our country are put forward policy Suggestions.
Through the full text of the study found that since 2000, the negative effects of China's tax burden imbalances between different regions of the deteriorating, taxes and the regional economic difference of residents' income distribution has a profound impact, the tax system in our country did not play out in terms of regulating the income gap of efficacy, rapid economic development at the same time also brought the phenomenon of residents income distribution gap is widening, domain economic differences lead to different regional residents income distribution gap is widening. Priority, countries need to reform our country current tax structure, perfecting the personal income tax, property tax, the tax which has the function of adjusting income distribution, such as tax, and constantly improve the external environment factors and supporting measures in many aspects, promote the coordinated development of regional economy, to control the phenomenon of our country residents income distribution gap is widening, to prevent further deterioration of the gap between the rich and the poor.
Keywords:Regional economic differences; the individual income tax;

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