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代寫新西蘭留學生作業:Diploma in English as an Additional Language

論文編號:lw201901161410561903 所屬欄目:代寫留學生作業 發布日期:2019年01月16日 論文作者:論文網

Diploma in English as an Additional Language

(i) What are some key features of the text which make it distinctive from other text genres?文本與其他文本類型區別的主要特征是什么?
本文的標題說明了本文的主題,即論文寫作。本文取自名為Dielts Practice Tests Plus的一本書,但未給出原作者和作者的姓名。A段的第一句話表明,目標受眾是中學生或在“繼續教育課程”中學習的學生。因此可以得出結論,本文的目的最初是提供關于論文寫作技巧的信息和指導,但現在它有一個第二目標,即教授閱讀技巧。這種風格相當正式,但不像學術文章中那樣正式。代詞you的使用顯示出比學術文獻中更低級的形式。這篇文章組織得很好,每一段都涵蓋了論文寫作過程的一個階段。The title of this text states the topic of the text, which is essay writing. The text is taken from a book namedIELTS Practice Tests Plus, but the name of the original author and source is not given. The first sentence in Paragraph A shows that the intended audience are secondary school students or those studying in a ‘further education course’.  So it can be concluded that the purpose of the text was originally to give information and instruction about essay writing skills, but it now has a secondary aim of teaching reading skills. The style is reasonably formal, but not highly formal as in an academic article. The use of the pronoun youshows a lower level of formality than in academic texts.  The textis well organised and each of the seven paragraphs covers a stage of the essay writing process. 
(ii) What are some key language elements of the text?文本的一些關鍵語言元素是什么?
This aim of the text is to inform and instruct, anditfrequently uses the personal pronouns you and your (27 times).  There is regular use of imperatives (egpara D – ‘Use a variety of relevant texts, refer to your lecture notes and heed any advice ….), andmodals, especially should (used six times).  Other modals used are will (five times), may and can. Modalsarecommonly usedin texts to give advice.  Verbs are mainly in the active voice, although there are some examples of passive (eg paragraph A: ‘Essays ..are designed …; and paragraph C: ‘A list ..is provided ..’). Passives tend to be used in more formal writing. The main tense is Present Simple, which is used for facts which are always or generally true (eg paragraph G: ‘It is important to keep the essay relevant ..’).  The only other verb tense is the Present Perfect (used in paragraph A; ‘..youhave researched ..’ and paragraph E ‘Once youhave collected …). Here the Present Perfect is used to describe actionsin which the results are stillnoticeable’. One other notable language feature is use of the first conditional (paragraph B and paragraph C).

What pattern(s) of organization can you see in the text (eg listing, sequence, comparison/contrast, cause/effect, problem/solution, extended definition)? What signal words can you find?
The main pattern of organization is sequence. According to Mikulecky and Jeffries (2007), the sequence pattern is used when the main idea of the text is a “series of events or steps in a process that follow each other in time order”. Time markers are the most common signal word in this pattern. This text describes the process of writing an essay, particularly from paragraph C to G. The main time marker is then (used five times). Other time markers are When (paragraph D) and Once (paragraph E). Paragraph A gives a definition of essays, and describes two types. There are no clear signal words, although on the other hand is used to show contrast between creative essays and analytical essays.
What makes the text cohesive and coherent?
A text is coherent when the development of ideas is logical and understandable. This text begins in paragraph A with a definition of two main types of essay, analytical and creative. Paragraph B looks at criteria to decide how much time and effort to spend on writing the essay. Then paragraphs C to F examine each stage of essay writing in order, from analysing the question through to acknowledging sources. Therefore the development of ideas in the text is very logical, and follows the sequence pattern. The last paragraph does not end with a re-statement of ideas, but overall the text is easy to read and understand because of the clear development of i

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