Major Influencing factors of International Art Market – Take London & Paris as examples影響國際藝術市場的主要因素 - 以倫敦和巴黎為例
紐約，倫敦和巴黎是世界三大藝術中心。 歐洲藝術與古董博覽會（TEFAF）的全球藝術市場報告顯示，巴黎是歐洲第二大藝術品交易中心，始終處于全球藝術市場的第四位。 雖然它只落后倫敦一個位置，但交易金額卻有很大差異。 倫敦通常占世界總量的15-20％，而巴黎經常在5-8％之間波動。 倫敦和巴黎都是歐洲古代藝術交易中心，藝術市場的成熟度及其繁榮程度大致相同。 為什么營業額有這么明顯的差距？ 在本文中，通過分析巴黎和倫敦的實例，將討論影響國際藝術市場的因素。
New York, London and Paris are three big art centers in the world. The Global Art Market Report of The European Fine Art and Antiques Fair (TEFAF) shows that, Paris, the second largest art trading center in Europe, always in the fourth position of the global art market. Although it is only one position behind London, the deal amount is with a huge difference. London normally accounts for 15-20% of the total amount of the world, while Paris is often fluctuating between 5-8%. Both the London and Paris are European ancient art trading centers, the maturity of the art markets and their prosperous degrees are about the same. Why the turnover has such an obvious gap? In this article, by analyzing the instances of Paris and London, it will discuss the influencing factors of the international art market.
1. Historical Factors
British people are so fond of art products and art investment. The phenomenon is relevant to the cultural tradition and the colonial history. In the era of “the sun never set”, Britain, as the world’s hegemon, had conditions to occupy the most valuable resources all over the world through various means. The most value artistic works are acquired by British People. Even today, British people still keep big enthusiasm of collection during the travelling. They are willing to collect all kinds of art products, such as paintings, sculptures, furniture and decorations. Pursuing artworks is not only for its possible appreciation, but also because it can decorate household environment and reveal the unique status and taste of the owner.......................
2. Cultural Factors
3. Economic Factors
Being impacted by the trend of internationalization, it seems no one can easily stick to their own positions. In Paris the strict policy and tax system had improved a lot in recent years, however for international organizations and overseas guests, the obstacles still exist obviously. Currently, as the UK withdraws from the European Union, it might bring some potential benefits to French art market. But some pessimists also point out, if France cannot have substantial improvements from aspects of art regulations and laws, it is still difficult to compete with the British.
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ART MARKET REPORT: Global Art Market Insight.